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MORE ABOUT: Valencia City of Arts – Valencia, Spain

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Valencia City of Arts and Sciences

PROLONGACION PASEO ALAMEDA, 48, 46023 València, Spain

Built: 1994-2004

Architects:  Santiago Calatrava, Felix Candela

Structural Engineers: Calatrava

The Valencia City of Arts and Sceinces is located on the dried up river bed of Turia River.  It covers a 350,000 square meter area.

Calatrava designed most of the complex alone with the exception of Le Oceanografic which was designed by Felix Candela.  The complex is comprised of a Science Museum, Plantarium, Opera House, Promenade and Parking Structure.

The use of white concrete and fragments of shattered tiles throughout gives the entire complex a sense of continuity. Calatrava also designed two bridges which provide the prinicipal mode of transportation throughout the complex.

Original sketches done by Santiago Calatrava outline the layout of the Valenencia City of Arts and Sciences

L’Hemisferic derives its form from the human eye and functions as an Imax theatre and planetarium. Each side of the eye-shaped building opens and closes like the eyelids of an eye

Calatrava’s L’Umbracle is an exotic garden

Museo de las Ciencias Principe Felipe derives is form from the skeleton of a whale.

Construction on El Palau de las Artes Reina Sofia, the Opera house for Valencia, was complete in in 2004.

Case Study by:  Lauren Ramos

ARE 320K, Fall 2010

Other Sources (UT Library):


Sharp, Dennis. Santiago Calatrava. London, England: E & FN Spon, 1997.

Tzonis, Alexander. Santiago Calatrava’s Design Process.  Basel, Switzerland : Birkhäuser, 2001.

Written by Lauren Ramos

September 13, 2012 at 6:16 pm

Posted in Uncategorized

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